The Highlands, the uninhabited interior of Iceland is among the very few relatively easily accessible such areas left in the world. Its border is roughly drawn along the 400 m elevation and within that frame we have about 80% of the total area of the country. It consist mainly of moraines, sanded areas, lava fields, lakes and glaciers. The green pearls or the vegetated oases are only to be found where there is sufficient water.
The southern region is probably the most visited region in Iceland, with numerous waterfalls and impressive glaciers that attract thousands of tourists each year. The towns in the southern region are Hveragerdi, Eyrarbakki, Stokkseyri, Thorlakshofn, Selfoss, Hella, Hvolsvollur, Vestmannaeyjar, Vik and Kirkjubaejarklaustur. Selfoss is the largest town in the south.
The largest urban area in the North of Iceland is Akureyri, which is the second largest urban area in the country. Akureyri is located in Iceland’s longest fjord, Eyjafjordur.
West Iceland is linked to both the Southwest and North of Iceland via the ring road. However, if you’re arriving from Reykjavik you can shorten your journey by driving through Hvalfjardargong tunnel, a tunnel under Hvalfjordur. Taking the tunnel will shorten your trip to the west by some 53 kilometers.
The Westfjords are very mountainous, with dozens of fjords surrounded by steep hills. This makes communication by land difficult, also because many roads are closed because of ice and snow for several months of the year.
Strandir is one of the most remote parts of Iceland and the people that live there are commonly called Strandamenn.
The Reykjanes peninsula is made up of 5 municipalities; Gardur, Grindavik, Reykjanesbaer, Sandgerdi and Vogar, with the biggest one being Reykjanesbaer. There are around twenty thousand inhabitants on the peninsula in total.
Reykjavik is the capital of Iceland and the only city as such in the country. Roughly 123 thousand people live in Reykjavik but some 217 thousand people in the Greater Reykjavik Area. The Greater Reykjavik Area is made up of Reykjavik and six municipalities around it; Kopavogur, Hafnarfjordur, Gardabaer, Mosfellsbaer, Seltjarnarnes and Kjosarhreppur.
Things to see and do in Landmannalaugar
Things to see and do in Thorsmork
Things to see and do in Skogar