<-Quick reference travel guide Golden Circle ->
Quick reference travel guide Golden Circle:
The Golden Circle starting from Reykjavik, passing Mosfellsheidi for first stop at Thingvellir (Hakid)
Thingvellir, The Parliamentary Plains are the most important historic site of the country. They are located just below the western fault line of the Icelandic Graben within the boundaries of the first National Park,
Laugarvatnsvellir is a large grassy area, a former lake bottom, 5-6 km west of Lake Laugarvatn on the road to The Parliamentary Plains. This is an ancient route and a place where the ancestors rested or spent the night en route. In the lower slopes above the flatlands are caves, which were occupied early in the 20th century.
Laugarvatn hamlet started developing on Lake Laugarvatn in 1928, when the first of many schools was built there.
Geysir, This most famous and former largest spouting hot spring of the world probably was created during an extended earthquake period at the end of the 13th century.
The Golden Waterfalls in the glacial river Hvita count among the world’s most beautiful waterfalls. One of the many stories connected with the falls tells about the fight early in the 20th century for their existence, when a foreign enterprise managed to contracted the rights to harness them for electrical production.
Skalholt, The ancient seat of the Icelandic bishops, Skalholt, was the centre of ecclesiastic and worldly power, culture, and education for centuries. The first of 32 catholic bishops took his seat there in 1056 and in the wake of the reformation in 1540 13 Lutheran bishops sat there until 1801, when the seat was moved to the capital. Thecountry became one see again in 1798. The northern see was established in 1106.
Kerid. The slag crater Kerid is the northernmost one of the crater row called Tjarnarholar. It is elliptic in shape, 270 m long, 170 m wide, and 55 m deep. The pond in it is 7-10 m deep, depending on the ground water level of the area. Also nice place to visit are Hveragerdi, before going back to Reykjavik.
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